Definitions of Various Dance Forms

 

Ballet- 

         "is a type of performance dance that originated in the Italian Renaissance courts of the 15th century               and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia. It has since become a            

          widespread, highly technical form of dance with its own vocabulary based on French terminology. It               has been globally influential and has defined the foundational techniques used in many other                         dance genres. Ballet requires years of training to learn and master, and much practice to retain

          proficiency.  It has been taught in ballet schools around the world, which have historically used their              own cultures to evolve the art."

 

Clogging-

          "is a type of folk dance in which the dancer's footwear is used musically by striking the heel, the toe,

            or both against a floor or each other to create audible percussive rhythms, usually to the downbeat               with the heel keeping the rhythm."    

 

Contemporary-

          " is a popular form of dance which developed during the middle portion of the twentieth century and                has since grown to become one of the dominating performance genres for formally trained dancers

          throughout the world, with particularly strong popularity in the U.S. and Europe. Although originally               informed by and borrowing from classical, modern, and jazz styles, it has since come to incorporate

          elements from many styles of dance, but due to its popularity amongst trained dancers and some                   overlap in movement type, it is often perceived as being closely related to modern dance, ballet and             other classical concert dance styles."

 

Hip Hop-

          "refers to street dance styles primarily performed to hip-hop music or that have evolved as part    

          of hip-hop culture. It includes a wide range of styles primarily breaking, locking, and popping which               were created in the 1970s and made popular by dance crews in the United States. The television    

          show Soul Train and the 1980s films Breakin', Beat Street, and Wild Style showcased these crews               and dance styles in their early stages; therefore, giving hip-hop mainstream exposure. The dance

          industry responded with a commercial, studio-based version of hip-hop—sometimes called "new                   style"—and a hip-hop influenced style of jazz dance called "jazz-funk". Classically trained dancers                 developed these studio styles in order to create choreography from the hip-hop dances that were                   performed on the street. Because of this development, hip-hop dance is practiced in both dance                     studios and outdoor spaces."

 

Jazz- 

          "is a classification shared by a broad range of dance styles. Before the 1950s, jazz dance referred

            to dance styles that originated from African American vernacular dance. In the 1950s, a new genre

          of jazz dance — modern jazz dance — emerged, with roots in Caribbean traditional dance. Every                 individual style of jazz dance has roots traceable to one of these two distinct origins. Jazz was a big             hit in the early 50's and it is still a well loved style of dance all over the world."

 

Liturgical-

          "is a type of dance movement sometimes incorporated into liturgies or worship services as an                        expression of worship: the dancers will respond with an appropriate dance which flows out of the

           music and is thought to enhance the prayer or worship experience. This dance may either be                        spontaneous, or have been choreographed ahead of time. If it is choreographed it is generally fitted            to the song's lyrics or to religious concepts."

 

Lyrical-

          "is a style of dance created from the fusion of ballet with jazz and contemporary dance techniques               and is a "cousin" to those styles."

 

Modern-

          "is a style of western concert dance which began loosely in the late 19th century and early 20th-                      century. Modern dance, which has birthplaces in the United States as well as Germany, was a                       direct response to ballet as the primary form of concert dance. Modern dance refused aspects of                   classical ballet and broke away from codified movements and balletic narrative structures. Because               of early pioneers like Martha Graham, modern dance now encompasses a wide range of styles,                     many of which are associated with renowned schools and masters. There are over a

          thousand Types of Modern Dance including graham and horton. Eventually, postmodern                                 dance would reject the formalism of modern dance and include elements such as performance                       art, contact improvisation, floor work, release-technique, and improvisation."

 

Pointe- 

         "is the part of classical ballet technique that concerns pointe work, in which a ballet dancer supports

         all body weight on the tips of fully extended feet. A dancer is said to be en pointe when the dancer's                body is supported in this manner, and a fully extended vertical foot is said to be en pointe when                     touching the floor, even when not bearing weight. Pointe work is performed while wearing pointe                    shoes, which employ structural reinforcing to distribute the dancer's weight load throughout the foot,              thus reducing the load on the toes enough to enable the dancer to support all body weight on fully                  vertical feet.

       Pointe technique resulted from a desire for female dancers to appear weightless and sylph-like.                      Although both men and women are capable of pointe work, it is most often performed by women.                    Typically, years of training and practice are required to develop the strength and technique needed                to perform pointe work."

 

Tap-

          "is a form of dance characterized by using the sounds of tap shoes striking the floor as a form of  

           percussion. Two major variations on tap dance exist: rhythm (jazz) tap and Broadway tap.                           Broadway tap focuses on dance; it is widely performed in musical theater. Rhythm tap focuses                     on musicality, and practitioners consider themselves to be a part of the Jazztradition.

          The sound is made by shoes that have a metal "tap" on the heel and toe. There are different brands           of shoes which sometimes differ in the way they sound."

 

 

"ballet." Wikipedia.com. Wikipedia, 2014.

Web. 9 September 2014.

"Clogging." Wikipedia.com. Wikipedia, 2014.

Web. 9 September 2014.

"Contemporary dance." Wikipedia.com. Wikipedia, 2014.

Web. 9 September 2014.

"hip-hop dance." Wikipedia.com. Wikipedia, 2014.

Web. 9 September 2014.

"jazz dance." Wikipedia.com. Wikipedia, 2014.

Web. 9 September 2014.

"llitugical dance." Wikipedia.com. Wikipedia, 2014.

Web. 9 September 2014.

"lyrical dance." Wikipedia.com. Wikipedia, 2014.

Web. 9 September 2014.

"modern dance." Wikipedia.com. Wikipedia, 2014.

Web. 9 September 2014.

"pointe technique." Wikipedia.com. Wikipedia, 2014.

Web. 9 September 2014.

"tap dance." Wikipedia.com. Wikipedia, 2014.

Web. 9 September 2014.

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